This doctrinal point could not be understood by the religious of his time, precisely because all references to the Messiah they took were seen as a king, and not as a prophet, as Moses introduced Him. We have the witness of Jesus himself,
Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? … And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: Luke 24:26, 46
In the accounts of the book of the Acts of the Apostles, it is recorded that the proclamation of the Gospel took time to explain why it was necessary for Jesus to suffer,
But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. Acts 3:18
Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ. Acts 17:3
That Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles. Acts 26:23
The doctrinal theme of Christ’s suffering is contained in most of the writings of the Apostle Paul. Paul even presents it as a requirement to participate in the benefits of the Kingdom, …
And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. Romans 8:17
… according to Paul, the theme is necessary to understand that persecution is an element of the life of faith, and why we should glory in it …
As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. Galatians 6:12
For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews: 1st. Thessalonians 2:14
The apostle Peter on the other hand establishes the value of suffering as a dignity of faith in Jesus,
Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; 1st. Peter 4:1
The reason why the suffering of Christ arises in Abel,
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. … 8And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. Genesis 4:5-8
It was not possible for the Christ to be less than Abel, who for having presented a pleasing offering to Jehovah God suffered at the hands of Cain.
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. Hebrews 11:4
So, the Christ who would offer an offering to Jehovah more pleasing than Abel for sin, had to walk the same path of Abel’s suffering, since his blood cried out to God from the earth for redemption.
That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Matthew 23:35
It was also, the way to snatch to him who by the death of Abel obtained the empire of the death over the humanity,
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; Hebrews 2:14
By virtue of Jesus is the son of Abraham, the suffering of Christ is represented by Isaac when God demanded Abraham sacrifice him on Mount Moriah.
And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. Genesis 22:2
By virtue of Jesus is the son of David, the suffering of Christ is unveiled by David’s suffering and pursuit because of Samuel’s anointing upon him,
After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea. 1 Samuel 24:14
And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand? … 20Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains. 1 Samuel 26:18, 20
The suffering of Christ comes to light year after year throughout the rite of sacrifice of the Passover of the LORD, designated the tenth of the first month but sacrificed on the 14th, to remember the tenth plague in Egypt, which passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.
And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. Luke 22:19
The suffering of Christ is explained to the people by the annual sacrifice of the lamb, the tenth of the seventh month, when the high priest entered the most holy place to atone for the sins of the nation.
Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. Leviticus 23:27
John the Baptist referred to this type of sacrifice, when he proclaimed around Jesus the day he was baptized by him, that he was the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 1:29
Additionally, every daily sacrifice that the people presented for their own sins and transgressions established the prophetic teaching that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and undergo for the sake of the people themselves.
And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. 1st. John 3:5
It was prophesied, even, by Caiaphas himself, high priest of the time of Jesus,
Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. John 11:50
There is still another topic to discuss within the doctrine of Christ, the return of Jesus to the earth, but this doctrine will be treated in a separate section.