And be not conformed tothis world (τω αιωνι): but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind(νοός), that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
Before going into the study properly, let me first refine the translation, the terms used in the English translation do not honor the original sense of the apostle’s message. The terms, τω αιωνι, translated as ‘this world’, are not necessarily what the apostle wrote in his epistle.
As for the term,’τω αιωνι’, the meaning is not ‘world’, the term means a long period of time, but with emphasis on the indefinite aspect of it (eon, in English); the apostle uses the term rather to indicate that they should not let time pass indefinitely; the apostle’s exhortation is not to stagnate ‘permanently’ in their present state of thinking.
So, in his epistle to the community of faith in Rome, what the apostle is really saying to them is:
Note in the context of the reading that the apostle explains to his readers that all men are under a thought structure of disobedience and unbelief, the apostle discovers to them that God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all (11: 32); this same establishment is also presented in his epistle to the Ephesians, the apostle defines it as the mystery of God’s Will, which was not made known to any man, in the past, but is now revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets. The purpose of the Revelation of God by the Gospel is to show the abundant riches of His Grace, in order that all may understand whence God has brought them forth.
According to the apostle’s instruction, the structures of thought that the systems of life impose on their protégés can alter how the life of faith in Jesus Christ should be lived; and, together with the above, an incorrect way of thinking can alter the conception of God’s Will, and present it under other concepts that are not necessarily the good, pleasing and perfect Will of God. If one observes carefully, the apostle is warning about the danger of persisting in the style that the systems of life have established as the model of thought.
It must be emphasized that the apostle’s warning is not exclusive to the believers of the community of faith of Rome, Paul recognizes that the systems of life, Jewish, Greek, Gentile, all without exception, are oriented towards idolatrous worship, and loaded with a mythological influence, and as such, the behaviors of the inhabitants of such communities are behaviors in open opposition to the Will of God, this doctrinal emphasis we find it in all his epistles, without exception. In his epistle to the community of faith of Ephesus, the apostle denounces that the Gentile systems of life are loaded with pagan practices:
among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind (διανοιῶν); and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
having the understanding (διανοίᾳ)darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
and be renewed in the spirit of your mind (νοὸς: mind);
In his epistle to the Colossian community of faith, the apostle denounces that the ‘gentile’ systems of life have no awareness of spiritual life.
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind(διανοίᾳ) by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.
In his epistle to the Corinthian community of faith, the apostle demonstrates that ‘gentile’ thought forms are influenced by demons.
in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds(νοήματα: mind) of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
2nd. Corinthians 4:4
To Timothy he writes about the care he must be careful not to allow people around him to establish doctrinal thinking, for their thoughts follow mythological conceptions.
perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds(νοῦν: mind), and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
1st. Timothy 6:5
Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds (νοῦν: mind), reprobate concerning the faith.
2nd. Timothy 3:8
neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.
1st. Timothy 1:4
The apostle’s warning is directed to the reader so that he understands that the life of faith does not consist only in believing, it is necessary that the one who believes in Jesus, additionally, abandons his structure of thought formation, everything, without exception, and renews it from the doctrine of the Gospel of Jesus. Faith in Jesus without an abandonment of the pagan structure of life formation, will simply result in a religious life, and possibly pious, but not a life with hope of Salvation.
not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing (ἀνακαινώσεως) of the Holy Ghost;
and have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge(ἐπίγνωσιν) after the image of him that created him:
It is not just about ‘purifying’ ways of thinking, the emphasis is not on ‘changing’ ways of thinking, we have to be careful not to glorify thinking as if it were all about thinking differently. It is about learning to live according to the faith of the Gospel. The apostle writes in his epistle to the Corinthians, and says that the preaching of the cross is ‘foolishness’ to those who hear it, Why is it foolishness? Because it does not fit into the idolatrous way of thinking that the systems of life propose; see for yourself, all systems of life have pagan diets with foods sacrificed to idols, all have religious practices based on sexual depravity, all have customs based on unrighteousness, lying, stealing; the summary that the apostle presents in chapter one of his epistle to the community of faith in Rome emphasizes that every way of life promotes disloyalty and does not esteem natural affection as a virtue of character, this is what the pagan system of life promotes.
The reason why even among the communities of faith we find the same ways of acting that we see in people who do not have Jesus, is because these communities do not emphasize the need to transform and renew their thinking; the great majority continue to think in the same way as they did before believing in Jesus, they have not changed their vocabulary, they continue to converse with the same sayings and proverbs as before, although many of them are of an ominous type; their expressions are fatalistic and some are even cursing, but they do not see this as an inconvenience to the life of faith.
It is not a matter of purifying thought as the ultimate goal, it is a matter of making the way of thinking subject to the obedience of the doctrine of the Gospel, that is the purpose. If believers do not see the need to be transformed in their pagan ways of life, we will soon see the emergence of religious forms of pagan life dressed in a philosophical Christianity.
Scripture quotations are taken from the Authorized King James Version, 1909 (AKJV).
 Ephesians 3:5-6: 5 which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit; 6 that the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:
 John 14:26: But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
Colossians 2:2: that their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding (συνέσεως: reasoning), to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;
2nd. Timothy 2:7: Consider (νόει: think)what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding (σύνεσιν: reasoning) in all things.
The understanding is the part of human intellect that processes all the information that the senses send to the brain; however, the understanding can only ‘recognize’ as valid information that pertains to the physical-material plane. Understanding was the first human attribute that was disrupted by the sin of disobedience; in the book of Genesis we read that Adam and Eve were formed by the Creator with an understanding almost similar to that of the angels;  in chapters 2 and 3 we see an Adam with an understanding capable of even assigning names to the other created beings, however after the sin of disobedience we find him hidden, and in fear.
The human understanding does not have the capacity to process knowledge of a spiritual nature, it almost automatically dismisses it and classifies it as implausible knowledge because it lacks the necessary evidence for validation. This is the main reason why a natural man cannot understand the things that are of the Spirit.
But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.
1st. Corinthians 2:14
The Bible highlights ‘understanding’ as a virtue that comes directly from God.
Only the Lord give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the Lord thy God.
1 Chronicles 22:12
Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth forever.
Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart.
No human discipline has the capacity to provoke understanding, God turns it into insolence.
but God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;
1st. Corinthians 1:27
When men and women come to the Gospel of Jesus, and submit themselves under the Lordship of Jesus, the strongest battle they have to face is against the perverted thought structures with which they lived during their previous life; this battle is not easy, for they have to ‘reprogram’ their understanding according to the spiritual teachings of the Gospel of Jesus. According to the parable of the sower, lack of understanding, the cares of life and persecution for the sake of the Gospel ‘choke’ the Word.
In the text of Ephesians 1:17-19, Paul speaks about the faith exercise of ‘enlightening’ the eyes of the understanding as the strictly necessary condition for overthrowing the structures of sin that directed the life of disobedience.
17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: 18 the eyes of your understanding(καρδίας) being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
In what does it consist to ‘enlighten’ the eyes of the understanding? To ‘enlighten’ the eyes of the understanding means the capacity for ‘discernment’ according to the Wisdom which the Spirit of Truth establishes by the Revelation of the Word concerning the work and Will of God on earth.
Philip’s experience in his encounter with the Ethiopian eunuch teaches us, firstly, that it is important to God that we all understand the Scriptures, without exception; and secondly, that no one can ‘understand’ if someone does not adequately explain the Word, this is the work of the vocation to which we have been called by His Grace.
In the original text, however, it does not read, the eyes of your understanding being enlightened, but, the eyes of your heart (καρδίας) being enlightened. According to Hebrew thought, the heart is considered to be the place where thoughts originate.
A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
but I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
for where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?
O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
It is not a matter of substituting terms without first understanding the meaning of their original use. Paul uses in his wording the word ‘heart’ (καρδίας), and not the word ‘mind’ (νοός), to show thereby that life according to Grace (2:5) is not a philosophical indoctrination, aimed at the transformation of the way of thinking (νοός), but the manifestation of the Supereminent Greatness of the Power of God who by the adoption of sons by the good pleasure of His Will (1:5), chose us from before the foundation of the world that we should be holy and without blemish (1:4). God’s Grace consists in the transformation of man’s sinful nature.
Thus, the eyes of your heart being enlightened, is the exhortation of faith to allow the Spirit of Grace in Jesus to ‘convert’ us into another person, that is, that the Spirit transform the personal identity of every man and woman of faith, ‘abolishing’ by the working of the Power of His might (1:19) all past conduct, hostile to God, bringing forth through Christ Jesus a new person in the holiness of the family of God (2:19).
The eyes of your heart being enlightened, presents us with a much broader vision than just a transformation of the mind, it means a complete and radical transformation of the way of being and acting. It means to stop seeing things according to the carnal vision of the Adamic man, and to begin to see according to the faith that in Jesus we are also seated at the right hand of God the Father (2:6).
33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. 34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. 35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
Thus, with the instruction, the eyes of your heart being enlightened, the apostle unveils to us the ‘mystery’ of the good pleasure of God’s will for us who have believed, so that with the knowledge of what the life of Grace means, we may learn to live it and take care of it. The apostle presents in the whole epistle a striking summary of the benefits of faith in Jesus Christ.
1:3:… hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
1:4: … he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love:
1:5:having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself,…
1:6: … he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
1:7:… we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
1:9:having made known unto us the mystery of his will,…
1:11:… we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
1:13:… after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
2:1: And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;
2:2: … in time past ye walked according to the course of this world,…
2:3: … in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
2:5: … hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
2:6: … hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus:
2:8: For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
2:10: … we are his workmanship,…
2:11: … that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision…
2:12: … ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
2:13:… in Christ Jesus,… are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
2:14: … He is our peace,…
2:15: having abolished in his flesh the enmity,… for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
2:16: and that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross,…
2:17: … and came and preached peace to you which were afar off,…
2:18: … we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
2:19: … ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
2:20: are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
2:22: … ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
In the final part of the apostle’s instruction, in chapter 1, Paul says that this whole process is developed by the working of the Power of His might, which means the ‘immersion’ that the Spirit of Truth does with the one who has believed in Jesus, bringing him spiritually into the Body of Christ, to reconcile him to the Father, and make him a member of the community of faith through Christ Jesus.
17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: 18 the eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, 20 which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: 22 and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
 Génesis 2:19: Formó, pues, Jehová Dios de la tierra toda bestia del campo, y toda ave de los cielos, y trájolas á Adam, para que viese cómo les había de llamar; y todo lo que Adam llamó a los animales vivientes, ese es su nombre.
 Génesis 3:10: Y él respondió: Oí tu voz en el huerto, y tuve miedo, porque estaba desnudo; y escondí me.
 Romanos 6:3-4: 3 ¿O no sabéis que todos los que somos bautizados en Cristo Jesús, somos bautizados en su muerte? 4 Porque somos sepultados juntamente con él a muerte por el bautismo; para que como Cristo resucitó de los muertos por la gloria del Padre, así también nosotros andemos en novedad de vida.
 Efesios 2:14: Porque Él es nuestra paz, que de ambos hizo uno, derribando la pared intermedia de separación;
 1 Corintios 12:27: Pues vosotros sois el cuerpo de Cristo, y miembros en parte.
Efesios 1:22-23: 22 Y sometió todas las cosas debajo de sus pies, y diólo por cabeza sobre todas las cosas a la iglesia, 23 La cual es su cuerpo, la plenitud de Aquel que hinche todas las cosas en todos.
Life in Christ Jesus is a life of faith; no one can come to Jesus by any other means, faith is the only way to approach Him.
But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
Faith, however, is not the effect of man’s religious activity; the epistle to the Romans establishes in its doctrine that the faith through which man approaches God, and believes in Him, is a basic faith, it is a measure of faith that God delivers so that man has the spiritual capacity to recognize Him as God, and can enter by that faith, to the Grace of Jesus. Nevertheless, this measure of faith is a provisional faith, it is a faith of entrance to the Kingdom, but it is not enough to live and reach the Salvation of Grace. The man and woman who come to Jesus ‘have’ to grow in faith, otherwise they cannot continue to advance in the development of the spiritual life; the best example that illustrates this situation is the parable of the sower, in which Jesus explained that the seed is ‘The Word of the Kingdom’, and emphasized that the Word can be ‘snatched away’ by the evil one (the seed that fell by the wayside), it can be ‘hindered’ by persecution (the seed that fell on rocky places), and it can be ‘choked’ by the eagerness of this age (the seed that fell among thorns).
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side. 20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; 21 yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. 22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
This parable highlights —and exhorts, at the same time— that the spiritual life does not consist only in believing, but above all, in remaining in what has been believed, hence the need to remain in the Word of Jesus’ teachings.
Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
Faith is the foundation of life in Christ Jesus, but not only as a means to obtain the petitions that we present in prayer, but above all as a purpose to build life in the Kingdom. You can see it in chapter 11 of the epistle to the Hebrews, when it says that by faith they subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection.
Everyone must grow in faith to overcome the onslaught of the world that seeks to stop the spiritual development of those born in the faith of Jesus. Faith does not consist in believing, but in acting according to the teaching of Jesus. Every action is established by faith, there is no other way; the Spirit leads the man and woman of faith in the adequate preparation according to the oppression that the world sends him; thus according to the text of Hebrews, not all people can quench violent fires, not all people can subdue kingdoms, not all people can receive their dead by resurrection; only those who grew in faith for such action are the only ones who can do it. Every action has a particular faith, it is the responsibility of man and woman in it to be sustained in the midst of the onslaught of the world.
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
The faith that overcomes the world is not a super faith; the faith that overcomes the world is a simple faith that does not demand of those who aspire to it that they have great knowledge about angelic and/or spiritual things. The faith that overcomes the world is based on Jesus, His work and His teachings; this is the message of the cross.
4 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith. 5 Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?
1st. John 5:4-5
The example we have in the act of faith of the Roman centurion of Capernahum. The centurion was a man prepared for war, before his encounter with Jesus, the knowledge he had about the spiritual was practically null; however, his act of faith based on his own experience in the lines of authority within which he worked, helped him to establish a relationship with faith, and to understand that the life of faith depends on the position that the person occupies before the Word of God. Hence, the centurion’s greatest achievement was not the healing of his servant, but to have received the dignity declared by Jesus that he would sit at table with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.
What made a man with no knowledge of spiritual things receive such dignity? What is the path of faith that the centurion traces for the rest of the non-Jewish believers?
The act of faith of the Roman centurion did not consist in believing, he could not ‘believe’ because his cultural background had not developed such idiosyncrasy; the apostle Paul speaking of the idiosyncrasy of the peoples writes in the first epistle to the Corinthians, that the idiosyncrasy of the Jews is to ask for signs, and that of the Greeks the search for wisdom;  the idiosyncrasy of the Romans was to follow instructions, and we see this clearly in the words of the centurion.
So if we follow the example of the centurion we have to admit that the centurion’s faith was based on the understanding that he developed by making an association between his political-military idiosyncrasy, and the doctrine and work of Jesus as representative of the Kingdom of Heaven.
What kind of understanding did the Roman centurion develop? In the centurion’s words we can see manifested at least four clear understandings he had about Jesus and His work.
5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, 6 and saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented. 7 And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him. 8 The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.9 For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it. 10 When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. 11 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. 12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Understanding the Holiness of God: “… Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof…”
The first understanding the centurion developed about Jesus was about His Holiness. Let us observe for a minute the Roman centurion’s response: Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof. At first glance such a response could be considered as a feeling of low self-esteem, or perhaps a mea culpa for his immorality; however recognizing the centurion’s value and his performance among the Jews, such impressions have no validity, otherwise he would never have requested Jesus’ intervention.
The “I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof”, on the contrary, shows the great concept that the centurion had about Jesus; John the Baptist also manifested that same understanding when he expressed: I am not worthy to untie the strap of His shoes. The centurion’s refusal to let Him into his house is only evidence of Jesus’ recognition of a Holiness and Perfection with which he was not accustomed to expose himself. In Luke’s account the story presents the centurion interacting with Jesus through messengers.
Faith demands that we have a clear understanding of the Holiness of God; God is Holy and calls those who have believed in Him to be holy. It is not about religious recognition, it is about understanding that God’s Holiness surrounds us in everything we undertake:
It is not a new lesson, it was the first lesson God delivered to Moses in the scene of the burning bush: take your shoes off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground. The text says that Moses covered his eyes because he was afraid to see God. No one who does not understand about the Holiness of God can have faith, no one. Faith consists in understanding the Holiness of God.
In his first epistle to Timothy, Paul teaches that God dwells in unapproachable light and that none of men have seen Him, nor can they see Him. That God dwells in unapproachable light means that no one can see Him because of His Holiness; God is so Holy that the human eye can tolerate Him.
who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
1st. Timothy 6:16
In the epistle to the Hebrews we read that understanding about the Holiness of God is what enables us to approach Him.
Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
In the epistle to the Ephesians we read that faith is part of the life of a new creation in Christ Jesus.
and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
The understanding of the Fear of God: “… Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only,…”
Along with the understanding of the Holiness of Jesus, the centurion also developed an understanding of the Fear of God. Fear of God and Holiness walk together, they cannot be separated.
‘Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof’, is nothing more than the manifestation of the Fear of God that the centurion developed because of Jesus’ action of wanting to visit his house; the centurion was not accustomed to a Roman dignity visiting his house, they were called to appear in the palace, but never visited, it was not the protocol order of the Roman militia; so when Jesus acceded to his request and went to his house, the act of Jesus shocked him, and led him to understand that he was not worthy, in dignity, to Jesus. Luke’s parallel account reports that the centurion did not even go to meet Jesus but sent messengers to say: I did not even consider myself worthy to come to you.
Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but the Lord pondereth the hearts.
if thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it? and shall not he render to every man according to his works?
Faith grows when it is built on the understanding of the Holiness of God, and the Fear of God.
The understanding of the Sovereignty and Majesty of God: “…I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.”
The third understanding that the centurion developed was about the Sovereignty and Majesty of God. This understanding seems superfluous and unnecessary, for how does knowing that God is Sovereign and Majestic over all Creation solve my situation of sickness?
The centurion discovered that all government has an order, he knew that the lines of command are based on the fidelity to the authority of all those who are links of it, if someone disobeys he is considered a deserter, and the deserter causes much damage and instability in the troop, even the dissolution of the whole company. If Jesus preaches about the Kingdom of Heaven, His Word has authority, His Word is not just the proclamation of a doctrine. The centurion understood that Jesus is Sovereign and Majestic, and as such His authority transcends geographical distance.
How is it possible that a man without any knowledge of God knew how God acts?
4 that thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly… 6But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.… 18 that thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.
Fair weather cometh out of the north: with God is terrible majesty.
Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his majesty.
who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
The understanding of the Lordship of Jesus: “…but speak the word only…”
The fourth understanding of the Roman centurion was about the Lordship of Jesus. ‘but speak the word only’ is not only the centurion’s expression of conviction that his servant would be healed, it was the expression that manifested his willingness to become a ‘soldier’ of Jesus. ‘but speak the word only’ represented the centurion’s acceptance to submit under Jesus’ line of authority.
What does the Lordship of Jesus mean? Lordship of Jesus means ‘abiding’ by the doctrine of His Word; Lordship of Jesus means the willingness to obey His precepts; Lordship of Jesus means the decision to allow oneself to be ‘crucified’ together with Jesus.
And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.
I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
20 which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: 22 and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
The act of faith of the Roman centurion who approached Jesus to ask for the healing of his servant leaves us with a great lesson. How a man without much knowledge of God and spiritual things surpassed in faith those who had ample knowledge on the subject, who had even been brought up in it. The greatest lesson that the centurion’s act of faith leaves us with has to do with the development of faith and life in Christ Jesus; faith does not consist ‘only’ in believing, if there is no understanding and action about what we believe, any knowledge we have becomes just information. May God grant that the study of this case may impact us to do the same.
Scripture quotations are taken from the Authorized King James Version, (AKJV).
With regard to the natural order of development of faith, its birth, growth and strengthening, it is important to be clear that faith is not the result of the normal thought processes of the human being; people do not have faith just because their thought process led them to the conclusion that they have faith. Faith is a gift of God and is of a spiritual nature, and is given to man as a key for him to approach God, to believe in Him and to recover the benefits of the essence of the image and likeness of God with which he was formed.
faith believes in a reality even if the knowledge of that reality is an absurdity according to the laws of reason, or there is simply no precedent that testifies to its benefit.
In the same way, faith also cannot be evaluated according to the way of feeling, in principle, because faith is absolute as to what we believe, feelings allow variation and can be corrupted under states of oppression; in general terms, faith does not awaken any type of feeling or sensation in the person when he or she acts for it, sometimes even those who live by faith are not aware of the times when they acted for it, if it were not for the evidences in the results they would never realize the activation of their faith.
Thus, regarding the birth, development and strengthening of faith, the normal processes of thought or feeling of the person have nothing to do with it; a faith where thoughts actively intervene, faith constitutes itself in positive thinking, but it is not faith; in the same way, a faith where feelings actively intervene, faith constitutes itself in reflexology, or something similar, but it is not faith;
This is not to say that thought and feeling processes are alien to the growth and strengthening of faith, it is not our teaching purpose to establish such a proposition; it is our mission to establish that if thoughts and feelings are not subjected to walk in accordance with the teachings of the Gospel, thought and feeling processes can hinder the growth of faith, including distorting it, and even stifling it.
Faith demands that the person who wants to walk by it understands that it is necessary to ‘transform’ the way of thinking and feeling, and to accommodate the normal processes of thinking and feeling to the doctrinal teaching of the Gospel, otherwise, faith does not grow or develop. The basic problem, as far as faith is concerned, is not that people cannot have faith, or that it is not a virtue for our times; the basic problem is that people want to ‘subject’ faith to their own way of thinking or feeling, and that does not go with faith. Faith has to be established on the foundation of the doctrinal teaching of the Gospel, that requires that the person who wants to walk by it allows the Gospel to ‘teach’ him how to have faith.
Although of a spiritual character, faith is a teachable virtue, but not in the same way as all academic knowledge is taught; faith is teachable because God Himself progressively reveals Himself to the heart of the man and woman of faith, and teaches them about His mysteries; men and women learn to walk in faith when they seek to do God’s Will.
Faith is following instructions, but it does not tolerate interpretation, it is practically invalidated by doing so; faith consists of and is validated by following the instructions that are set forth in the Word by the Spirit of Truth; an altered teaching will only bring about ritualistic actions, and possibly a feeling of accomplishment, but it does not establish the spiritual power to transcend to the plane of the supernatural.
In his first epistle to the Corinthian community of faith, Paul introduces the theme that those sanctified in Christ Jesus have the ‘mind’ of Christ; therein the apostle stresses that faith is not founded on the wisdom of men (ver. 2:5), but in the wisdom of God in mystery, the hidden wisdom; such wisdom, the apostle concludes, God predestined from before the ages for our glory (ver. 2:7); according to this teaching of the apostle Paul, faith is Revealed by the Spirit of Truth (ver. 2:9-10).
Faith, according to this teaching, cannot be understood by anyone who has not first made the decision to want to be taught; faith is teachable, but it requires that those who want to walk in it be willing to submit to the processes of teaching. It is the Spirit of Truth who determines the processes, and does so on the foundation of the doctrinal Word of the Gospel. In his teaching to the Corinthian community of faith, the apostle states that the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned (ver. 2:14); the natural man is the carnal man, that is, the man subject to his own natural thoughts.
Without a genuine renewal of the structures of thought and feeling, a believer will be able to reason that Jesus is God manifested in flesh, but he will hardly be able to transcend in the faith of the virtue of what such a statement means for reconciliation with the Creator.
The ‘mind’ of Christ is not religious formulations, it is the spiritual way of judging and discerning actions within the Kingdom of Heaven, it is the knowledge of God by which those sanctified in Christ Jesus can move in the Will of God according to the operations of His Grace.
Scripture quotations are taken from the Authorized King James Version, 1909 (AKJV).
 Hebrews 11:6:But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
 Mark 7:9:And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.
 1st. Corinthians 2:16:For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
 1st. Corinthians 3:1:And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ.
 Ephesians 2:3:among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
 Romans 3:23:for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
The doctrinal knowledge that the apostle Paul attained about the Gospel of Jesus, the preaching of the cross, as he defined it, was extremely abundant and of much Revelation, most of it extracted from the writings of the Law and the prophets. However, if we take into account that Paul reached the same knowledge of those who walked for three and a half years with Jesus, without being with Him, we can understand the merit of the doctrinal knowledge developed, and the value of studying it; the apostle Peter even commented on Paul’s epistles, some of which were difficult to understand.
No other biblical writer obtained such a deposit of Revelation as Paul achieved, even though he did not have access to the historical information of Jesus’ teachings; his achievement, like Apollos, and others in the same circumstance, consists not in having seen what Jesus did, but in having identified Jesus in the Scriptures, which as he himself confessed to Timothy, made him wise unto Salvation by faith which is in Christ Jesus.
The prolificness of Paul’s writings is due precisely to the fact that the public to whom he was sent had no knowledge of the historical facts related to the teachings of Jesus, so his epistolary work helped to make up for the lack of knowledge, and by the normative use he injected into his writings, to solidify the ministerial growth of the communities under his care.
The epistles of the apostle Paul to Timothy, which is our particular interest, have a unique value, because of the ministerial and paternal relationship that developed between the two. The epistles to Timothy, which could well have been more than the two we know, develop a doctrinal content with every word, for Paul wastes no time in leaving Timothy a ministerial inheritance. Thus, based on this characteristic form of teaching and formation, we have found it convenient to take only the First Epistle, to illustrate how the contemporary reader of the Word should study the writings of the apostle Paul.
The form of presentation is the usual one, as we did in the previous study on the First Epistle, first we enunciate the headline of the doctrinal basis, according to the order in which they appear in the reading, followed by the verse where it is located, and finally, we explain what the doctrinal concept consists of within the Gospel that Paul is enunciating in his epistle.
Again, I do not intend to exhaust the subject, that is not the purpose; rather I intend to establish a teaching basis for further study on the subject in the future. I pray that the study of these doctrinal bases will lead us to strive to walk in the Revelation of the mystery of the Gospel.
Doctrinal Basis number 1: The Law is not set for the Just: knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, for whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine; (1:9-10)
With the term, the Law, Paul is referring to those who uphold the faith by the Mosaic Law, that is, to the side of the Pharisees who had converted to the Gospel of Jesus. In verse 3 he explains that it is about those who teach different doctrine, and the only ones who did that, according to other references, were those who followed circumcision as a complementary form to the Gospel. Verse 7 completes the idea.
Paul does not discard the Law, nor does he abrogate it, for he declares that the Law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good; he simply states that the Law has no jurisdiction over one who is justified by the faith of Jesus, for, as he explains in his epistle to the Romans, the righteousness that is by the Law demands that the person submit to all its rites; whereas the man who lives by faith in Jesus, on the other hand, is justified by his faith,
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; 9 that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
Doctrinal basis number 2: Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners: This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. (1:15)
This is the fundamental message of the Gospel of Jesus, it is the message that in Adam all have sinned, that man needs to repent to receive God’s forgiveness, and that it is necessary to believe in Jesus, God in flesh, to receive Grace.
15 that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1st. Corinthians 1:30
Doctrinal basis number 3: God is King, He is Eternal, He is immortal, He is invisible, He is One, He is Wise: Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.(1:17)
In a single verse Paul poured the Virtues and Attributes of God most proclaimed in the Scriptures;
God is King of the times,
11Thus saith the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me. 12I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
God is immortal, Paul mentions it again in chapter 6 of the same epistle,
who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
1st. Timothy 6:16
God is invisible,
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
15 who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 16 for by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
God is One,
Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord:
God is Wise,
to God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever. Amen.
Doctrinal Basis number 4: God wants all men to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the Truth: who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. (2:4)
This is the pure message of the Gospel, it is the proclamation of the preaching of the cross; this doctrinal basis expresses the Will of God with respect to the Salvation of all mankind; in the book of Acts of the Apostles it is recorded that this Will is executed only through Jesus,
And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent:
But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved.
Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.
Doctrinal Basis number 5: There is only one God: For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; (2:5)
With this doctrinal basis Paul intends not only to emphasize the Shema of the Law, but more, and above all, to highlight the value of the Sovereignty of God over all Creation, that is, there is no ‘other’ god under heaven that compares to the Father; his purpose is to undermine the belief in and worship of the idolatrous gods of the world’s religions.
4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord:5 and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the Lord your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul,…
Doctrinal Basis number 6: There is only one mediator between God and men: Jesus Christ, the man: For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; (2:5)
In the same verse Paul describes two doctrinal bases that are the foundation of the Gospel; the purpose of this second doctrinal base of verse 5 is to disprove the belief of other doctrines that granted the power of mediation to angels, to the priestesses of Diana, and to the existence of the gods of the Greek mythological pantheon.
12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker. 13 Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people. 14 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out, 15 and saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
Doctrinal Basis number 7: Christ Jesus gave Himself in propitiation for all: who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. (2:6)
This doctrinal basis has the purpose of establishing that the part of the sacrifices and offerings for sin and guilt, stipulated by the law of works in the Mosaic Law, no longer applies to one who has been justified by the Grace of Jesus. Paul takes up with this doctrinal basis the proclamation of John the Baptist about Jesus, that He is the lamb that takes away the sin of the world.
and walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour.
In the epistle to the Hebrews, Jesus is presented as High Priest and as sacrifice; as High Priest, because He entered the Holy of Holies in the Temple, only once, to present ‘propitiation’ for sin;
who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
As a sacrifice, because He offered Himself establishing a new covenant by His blood.
Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
1st. Corinthians 11:25
5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:… 8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;… 11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:12 but this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God;
The establishment of this doctrinal basis, however, has also an additional emphasis, as far as spiritual warfare is concerned, to show that Satan has no jurisdiction over the one who has been washed with the blood of Jesus Christ, as the apostle himself emphasizes in other of his epistles,
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:
Paul further emphasizes that the law of sin and death to which we had been delivered because of Adam’s disobedience, no longer has jurisdiction over those who have been justified by the grace of Jesus,
Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.
This doctrinal basis is presented in other apostolic writings as the cornerstone that was discarded by the builders. This doctrinal basis was established within the church as the foundation of the doctrine of Gospel Salvation.
The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.
Psalm 118:22 (Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10)
Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Doctrinal Basis number 8: The church is the House of the living God, it is the pillar and ground of the Truth: but if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth. (3:15)
For those who are accustomed to seeing the church as a building, or a locale, it will surely be a little difficult for them to understand how a church as we know it can be the House of the Living God.
This doctrinal basis does not refer to, nor identify, an institution and/or locale as the Lord’s church, in principle, because when this epistle was written, the communities of faith did not construct buildings to convert them into ‘churches’, in the modern way, the texts show us that in the beginning of the Gospel, in Jerusalem, they met in the Temple and by the houses,
And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.
And when he had considered the thing, he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying.
In the Gentile communities, meetings were held in the homes of those who had been found faithful to gather the saints in the faith,
5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epænetus, who is the first fruits of Achaia unto Christ.… 11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.
I beseech you, brethren, (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have addicted themselves to the ministry of the saints,)
1st. Corinthians 16:15
The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.
1st. Corinthians 16:19
Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.
and to our beloved Apphia, and Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in thy house:
Therefore, when the apostle identifies the church as the House of the Living God, he is referring above all to the community of faith in this or that region.
unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:
1st. Corinthians 1:2
The apostle identifies the church as the Body of Christ,
and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
Doctrinal Basis number 9: What does the mystery of the godliness consist of: And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. (3:16)
Paul uses the term ‘mystery’ on several occasions in his writings, the purpose being to emphasize that the knowledge which he classifies as such belongs to a knowledge revealed by God.
The mystery of godliness consists in the operation in the Spirit of forgiving the sin of disobedience in which Adam incurred, for whose sake death entered into the world, and passed upon all men; the mystery of godliness is the Revelation of God to man to reconcile through faith in Jesus the man and woman who believes in Him, according to the faith of Abraham,
Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
3 how that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words,… 5 which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;… 9 and to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:
God has been manifested in the flesh;
Jesus is God, and is manifested in flesh to reconcile by Him all those who choose to accept God’s action; the reason why He was manifested in flesh, like all men, to overcome Satan under the same conditions of Adam when he was deceived by the serpent; Paul presents it as the testimony to the man of faith, that disobedience brings death, while obedience, life, health and blessing.
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
The purpose in Paul of beginning to define the mystery of godliness from the phrase: ‘God has been manifested in the flesh’, is to establish the Gospel doctrine that Jesus ‘came forth’ from the Father long before all things were created, note verse 17 of the following text:
15 who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 16 for by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 and he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
God has been justified with the Spirit;
Jesus was justified with the Spirit of Truth not because He was God, but because He humbled Himself, became obedient unto death, and died the death of the cross.
9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
The apostle Paul taught concerning the justification of Jesus, that precisely because of His ‘obedience’ the many were justified along with Him,
For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
God has been seen of the angels;
Although Jesus is pre-existent to Creation, Jesus was not manifested to the angelic creation, among them Satan, at the moment when He left the Father; the Scriptures establish that the angelic creation saw His manifestation until the moment when the Father decided to fulfill the prophecies of His manifestation, in the fulfillment of the prophetic time; Satan never knew Jesus in the heavens before his rebellion, it was forbidden to him to know him; Satan knows Jesus until the moment when he manifests himself to Israel; that explains why Satan pursues Him as a child to kill Him without having a certainty of who He was, nor how He would manifest Himself, and why He approaches Him, in temptation, expressing: “if you are the son of God“.
but when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
that in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:
The Epistle to the Hebrews refers to the moment when God declares Himself to the angelic creation, precisely when the Spirit overshadows Mary;
And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Hebrews 1:6 (Deuteronomy 32:43)
God has been preached to the Gentiles;
This is the most glorious part of the Gospel of the Kingdom, for Jesus was originally sent to the lineage of Abraham,
He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
However, it was prophesied that the Gentiles would also receive the good news of the Great Joy of Grace and be saved by Jesus, just like the Jews,
9and that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. (reference to 2 Samuel 22:50 and Psalm 18:49)10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people. (reference to Deuteronomy 32:43)11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.(reference to Psalm 117:11)12 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust. (reference to Isaiah 11:10)
God has been believed in the world;
Jesus has been preached in all nations, and whole nations have believed in Him,
when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.
2nd. Thessalonians 1:10
And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
God has been received in glory.
Jesus has ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father,
Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
but this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Doctrinal basis number 10: All animal food is good if taken with thanksgiving: For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. (4:4-5)
Although the apostle speaks of ‘every’ creature, his classification is made from the animals considered in the Mosaic law as ‘fit’ to eat; under no circumstances should this instruction of the apostle be seen as an action to repeal the Law of God given in the first Covenant, integrating the unclean animals as fit to eat; the apostle does not defy in this way what is established by God, risking to contravene the basics of God’s wisdom. The apostle’s instruction is rather to correct the knowledge introduced by those who conduct themselves under a weak measure of faith, the apostle deals here with the same subject that he presented in his epistle to the community of faith in Rome regarding the animals sacrificed to idols, meat that later the merchants distribute in the butcher’s shops.
20 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. … 23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake:
1st. Corinthians 10:25
The apostle’s instruction is given to Timothy for the purpose of correcting those who have introduced into the community teaching based on the Law, and developing a conscience based on defilement about what is sacrificed to idols. The apostle explains to Timothy that a clear conscience is the result of operating under the faith of Jesus.
holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience.
1st. Timothy 3:9
Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
Doctrinal Basis number 11: The Living God is Savior of all men: For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. (4:10)
The apostle has already presented this doctrinal basis, in chapter 2 he declared to Timothy that God wants all men to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the truth. This doctrinal basis is basically the preaching of the cross, it is the pure message of the Gospel.
Nevertheless, the fact that the apostle expresses that for this cause, that is, for the knowledge that God wants all men to be saved, he is willing to go through labors and suffer reproaches, helps us to understand the value of God’s call to the ministry. The ministerial call is a spiritual designation given by God, of which the person has a testimony in his own spirit. Not everyone has a vocation to the ministry, for as the apostle himself describes it, the call to the ministry requires a commitment to endure labors and to be willing to suffer reproach.
The precise test of a legitimate call from God is weighed not in the abilities to preach, not even in the ability to trace the Word well, it is weighed in the willingness to go through labors and suffer reproaches, the apostle has established it almost in all his epistles,
in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
2nd. Corinthians 6:5
Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
2nd. Corinthians 11:23
Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;
2nd. Timothy 1:8
Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
2nd. Timothy 2:3
For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.
partly, whilst ye were made a gazing stock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.
and others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:
Doctrinal Basis number 12: God gives life to all things: I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession; (6:13)
It is the doctrinal basis that expresses God’s character: God gives life to all things. In the book of Genesis, the story of the construction of the ark in which not only Noah and his household entered, but also both clean and unclean animals, shows us precisely that God does not take away life; God gives life, and preserves it,
And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female.
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
Doctrinal Basis number 13: God is immortal; God dwells in inaccessible Light; no man has ever seen God: who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen. (6:16)
This verse presents three doctrinal bases, with the purpose of making known the God that Jesus presents in His Gospel; however, the statements also tell us about the attributes of God; for example, that God is immortal does not necessarily mean that God cannot die, but rather, that God has no beginning and no end, as we read in the following texts,
And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
That God dwells in inaccessible light teaches us that God cannot be accessed by anyone, not even by the angels themselves. God’s inaccessibility is because of his holiness; the angelic beings who stand before his Presence are special beings,
Did ever people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?
Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?
Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, are these.
And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.
And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
And finally, no one has ever seen God nor will ever be able to see Him, and it is precisely as mentioned in the previous paragraph, because of His holiness; man would be undone by the brightness of His Holiness.
Well, we have concluded. The reader will see how much doctrinal basis the apostle communicates through his epistles, it is a wealth of Revelation that is available to all those who want to walk according to the Gospel of Jesus.
Scripture quotations are taken from the Authorized King James Version, 1909 (AKJV).
 Galatians 2:6: But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man’s person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me:
 2nd. Peter 3:15-16: 15 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16 as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.
 Acts 18:24: And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
 John 20:31: but these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
 Romans 16:25: Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
Ephesians 6:19: and for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
 Acts 15:5: But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.
 Colossians 4:11: and Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only are my fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto me.
Titus 1:10: For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:
Galatians 2:7: but contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;
 Romans 6:14: For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
 Romans 10:5: For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
 Mark 1:15: and saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.
 Romans 3:23: for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
1st. Corinthians 15:22: For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
 Luke 5:32: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
 John 1:17: For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
 Matthew 27:51: And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
 Luke 1:35: And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
 Leviticus 11:2-9: 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth. … 9 These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.
 Romans 14:1: Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.
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